How to Use the Clutch on a Cordless power Drills

How to Use the Clutch on a Cordless Drill…

A cordless drill is one of the most versatile additions to your tools. Whether you are a novice or a pro, it provides multiple functions. Among others, one of its most important features is the clutch. This allows users to tweak the drill’s power depending on the material theyare working on or the necessary force.

While the clutch is a critical component of a cordless drill, it is often under-utilized. Many are unaware of what exactly it does and how does it work. Keep on reading, and we’lltalk about its functions, and more importantly, how to use it properly.

What is a Clutch on a Cordless Drill?

Simply put, the clutch is a mechanism that connects two parts of the drill. In a car, engaging the clutch will let the motor run the driveshaft. Meanwhile, once you disengage the clutch, the two parts will be free of each other. The principle is almost the same in a cordless drill. After pulling the trigger, the drill applies its driving force to the screw. The clutch basically dictates how much pressure it must apply as it buries the screw in the material.

With the drill’s clutch, you will have greater control of its functions. You can set the clutch depending on its suitability with a specific application or material. This means that you will prevent the screw from sinking too deep, breaking the shaft, or stripping the head. It also eliminates guesswork since you do not need to manually stop drilling once the clutch has been set. Instead, the motor will automatically disengage as soon as it reaches the pre-set value.

Cordless power Drills

How to Use an Electric Drill’s Clutch

Using the clutch in an electric drill does not have to be a complicated undertaking. Regardless of the brand or model of the drill, it is easy to set the clutch. Even if you are a novice, no need to worry.

When using a clutch, you have to know the different settings of the drill. This will vary from one model to another, but one common thing is that there is an adjustable setting.

To use the clutch on a drill, all you have to do is turn it to the specific setting. This is something that you will need to dial in. You will see a list of numbers, which can range from one to 22. Choose the specific number, which will dictate the torque range. By choosing a higher number, expect that there is a higher torque. This is perfect for driving large fasteners. On the other hand, selecting a lower number means lower torque, which is ideal when dealing with smaller fasteners.

Adjusting the clutch is as easy as aligning the arrow to the desired number, which indicates the torque setting. Changing it to a higher number will let you pick a sweet spot. If there is too much resistance, the motor is disengaged.


Cordless power Drills

Understanding the Clutch Settings

Now that you know how to adjust the clutch let’s also briefly talk about the meaning of the numbers. Do not just choose any number. Think about how deep you would like to bury the screw. The softness or hardness of the material is also an essential consideration. Choosing the wrong number will result in a disaster.

 The first and lowest clutch setting in a cordless drill is 1. It has the lowest possible torque, which means it is unlikely that you will be using it. This will work best only on super-soft materials and short fasteners. In most instances, you won’tbe using numbers 1 to 5 in the clutch setting of your cordless drill.

Understandably, the highest number is the most powerful torque. This number will vary from one model to another, but it is often 20 or 22. This is the best setting if you will be burying into deeper holes and using longer fasteners.

You will find a feature known as the maximum bypass button in some modern models of cordless drills. This will eradicate the functions of the clutch in the system and instead use the highest possible torque. This means that it uses all of its power when driving fasteners. It is one feature that most professionals often use.


Cordless power Drills

Aside from the numbers, high-end drills will also have an adjustable setting that dictates what they will do aside from the torque. These are three of the common settings you will find in a drill:

·        Hammer: This is a setting for drilling on concrete and similar materials. As you engage the trigger, the drill will spin the bit and punch the bit in and out of the material. Even on a brittle surface, you can drill quickly without applying too much manual effort.

·        Drill: This is for drilling on other possible materials except for concrete or stone. Regardless of the clutch setting you choose, the drill will exert the highest possible torque.

·        Screw: It is the correct mode if your goal is to drive in fasteners. This is the function where setting the clutch is crucial. If you choose the wrong setting, there is a possibility that you will be overdriving the screw, burying it deeper than what you desire. On the other hand, if the torque setting is too low, you won’tbe driving the screw deep enough. This means that its head will protrude on the top of the material that you are working on.


The clutch is one of the most crucial parts of a cordless drill despite being underrated. By rotating the dial, you will be choosing the specific clutch setting or number. In turn, it dictates the torque. The higher the number, the more powerful the driving force is. Consider the material and depth when choosing theappropriate clutch setting for a specific application.

error: Content is protected !!